and after his transformation, Finney rejected the Calvinist doctrine of passive salvation
available and then the elect. He thought that God presented Himself to everyone and, most
importantly, that you can be saved only via an active acceptance of God's invitation
to grace. The sinner chooses to sin simply as the penitent chooses to repent.
To attain as many souls as conceivable, Finney employed what had become called "new
measures", although many have been employed by earlier preachers. These fresh measures
triggered alarm among conservative clergy. Opponents such as for example Asahel Nettleton were able
to list as much as twenty-nine objectionable practices, however the most controversial were:
public praying of ladies in mixed-sex audiences, daily products and services over some days, use
of colloquial vocabulary by the preacher, the "anxious bench", praying for people by name,
and immediate church membership for converts.
To students of American lifestyle, Finney is an essential physique of the Jacksonian period. Finney's
influence rose in tandem with that of Andrew Jackson; both resolved the issues of
equality of males, and free